Global Capability Centers (GCCs) have revolutionized the way organizations operate, particularly in a fast-changing business landscape. GCCs provide access to specialized talent, cutting-edge technology, and streamlined processes, empowering businesses to compete on a global scale. By embracing GCCs, organizations can unlock new opportunities for growth, innovation, and profitability.

This article explores the significance of Global Capability Centers, their chargeback models, and their transformative impact.

What is Global Capability Center (GCC)?

Global Capability Centers are established by organizations worldwide to make use of global talent, resources, and expertise. They are typically part of larger corporations and provide a range of services such as research and development, IT services, business process outsourcing, engineering services, and more. GCCs are critical in enabling companies to access diverse skill sets, reduce costs, improve efficiency, and expand their global impact. These centers are also known as Global In-house Centers (GICs) or Captive Centers. Organizations that establish GCCs gain a competitive advantage in the market. Therefore, it is essential to consider establishing a GCC to enhance your organization's global presence.

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Evolution of GCC

1. Emergence

GCCs first came about in the 1990s as organizations began exploring offshore locations for cost-effective operations and access to skilled talent. Their focus was primarily on basic services such as IT support and back-office operations.

2. Diversification

During this period, GCCs expanded their roles beyond IT to cover areas like finance and accounting, customer support, and data entry. Organizations began to recognize the potential of GCC services in driving operational efficiency.

3. Strategic Value

GCCs shifted from cost centers to value centers, emphasizing process improvements, innovation, and alignment with business goals to deliver strategic value to the parent company.

4. Digital Transformation

With the advent of digital technologies, GCCs have taken on digital transformation initiatives, implementing AI, automation, and analytics to improve efficiency and drive business outcomes.

5. Collaboration and Innovation

GCCs collaborated more closely with local ecosystems, universities, and startups to become innovation hubs. They contributed to research, developed new technologies, and drove industry-leading solutions.

6. Agility and Flexibility

In recent years, GCCs have embraced agility and flexibility, leveraging agile methodologies, DevOps practices, and flexible workforce models to adapt quickly to changing market dynamics and technological advancements.

7. Future Trends - Strategic Partnerships

Looking forward, GCCs are expected to form strategic partnerships with startups, scale-ups, and industry leaders. Global Capability Centers will continue to drive innovation, deliver value, and play a pivotal role in companies' digital transformation journeys.

Core functions of Global Capability Centers

Imagine being able to concentrate on what your company does best while having access to the skills of talented centers in other locations. This is exactly what a GCC company allows you to do. By leveraging the resources of GCCs, you can focus on your core competencies and generate new ideas that drive your business forward. Here are some of the primary functions of Global Capability Centers that can help your company thrive:

  • IT services - refer to a range of services related to information technology, including application development, infrastructure management, cybersecurity, and IT support.
  • R&D - or research and development, involves conducting innovative research and development activities aimed at driving technological advancement and product differentiation.
  • Engineering services - offer engineering expertise in areas like software development, product design, testing, and validation.
  • Finance and accounting - services include various financial operations such as accounting, financial reporting, budgeting, forecasting, tax compliance, and treasury management.
  • Analytics and data management - services use data analytics, business intelligence, and data management techniques to derive insights, improve decision-making, and drive business performance.
  • Customer support - services provide customer service and support functions such as helpdesk support, technical support, customer relationship management (CRM), and contact center operations.
  • Human resources (HR) - services manage HR functions such as recruitment, talent management, training and development, employee relations, payroll, and benefits administration.
  • Procurement and supply chain management - services manage procurement processes, supplier relationships, contract management, inventory management, and logistics to optimize supply chain efficiency.
  • Compliance and risk management - services ensure compliance with regulatory requirements, manage risks, implement governance frameworks, and maintain data security and privacy.
  • Business process outsourcing (BPO) - services provide outsourcing for non-core business functions such as finance and accounting, HR, procurement, customer support, and back-office operations.

Top industries where Global Capability Center is prominent

GCCs are in various industries, where they play a crucial role in driving innovation, operational efficiency, and cost optimization. GCCs are typically found in the following industries:

  • IT and Software - GCCs in the IT and software industry focus on software development, application maintenance, cybersecurity, cloud services, and IT support for internal and external clients.
  • AI Industry - GCCs are leading the way in the AI industry and need top talent and collaboration to further advance their groundbreaking work. With their global perspective and innovative mindset, GCCs are essential to the development and deployment of AI solutions that promise to transform the world we live in.
  • Cloud Computing - In the cloud computing industry, the demand for scalable and flexible cloud services is higher than ever before. GCCs play a key role in delivering these cloud solutions, providing a seamless experience that aligns with the industry's dynamic and evolving nature.
  • Data Analytics - Data-driven decision-making has become an integral part of businesses in every industry. GCCs have become a prominent force in the data analytics sector, using their global perspective and collaborative nature to analyze vast amounts of data and extract actionable insights that can revolutionize the way we do business.
  • Cybersecurity - Cybersecurity is a growing concern for organizations worldwide. GCCs are at the forefront of providing reliable and global solutions to combat the threat of cyber-attacks. By harnessing their capabilities, GCCs are meeting the need for a secure and dependable approach to cybersecurity that businesses can rely on.

GCC Models

GCCs can operate under different models, each tailored to the specific needs and objectives of the parent company. Each GCC model has its advantages and considerations, and organizations may choose a model based on factors such as strategic objectives, cost considerations, regulatory requirements, and the desired level of control and customization.

  • Captive Model - In this model, GCC operates as a subsidiary that the parent company fully owns. The parent company retains complete control over the GCC's operations, strategy, and decision-making. Captive GCCs are usually established in offshore locations to take advantage of cost efficiencies and access to a talented workforce while ensuring compliance with corporate standards.
  • Shared Services Model - In this model, different business units or divisions of a company share the services provided by the Global Capability Center. These services may include IT, finance and accounting, HR, and procurement services, which are provided to various departments within the organization. This approach promotes efficiency, standardization, and cost savings through centralized service delivery.
  • Build-Operate-Transfer (BOT) Model - The BOT model involves a third-party service provider setting up and running the GCC on behalf of the parent company. Eventually, ownership and control of the GCC are transferred to the parent company. This approach enables the parent company to leverage the expertise of the service provider in establishing and managing the GCC before taking over complete control.

Benefits of GCCs

GCCs offer a wide range of benefits to organizations, enabling them to drive efficiency, innovation, and strategic value. Here are some key benefits of Global Capability Centers:

  • Access to Global Talent - GCCs have revolutionized the way organizations operate. By providing access to a diverse talent pool across different regions, Global Capability Centers enable companies to tap into specialized skills and expertise that may not be available locally. This has become a game-changer for businesses that want to stay ahead of the competition and drive innovation.
  • Cost Efficiency - GCCs help organizations achieve significant cost savings by leveraging lower labor costs in offshore locations, which allows organizations to cut costs without compromising on quality. The cost efficiency of GCCs is particularly beneficial for functions such as IT services, research and development, and back-office operations.
  • Operational Excellence - Global Capability Centres drive operational excellence by offering standardized processes, best practices, and advanced technologies. This helps streamline workflows, improve efficiency, and enhance productivity across various functions, leading to better business outcomes. With the help of GCCs, businesses can take their operations to the next level and achieve their goals faster.
  • Innovation and R&D - Many GCCs focus on R&D, innovation initiatives, and technology-driven solutions. By collaborating with local ecosystems, universities, startups, and industry partners, GCCs drive innovation, develop new products/services, and stay ahead of market trends. This ensures that companies are always at the forefront of innovation and can compete with the best in the industry.
  • Scalability and Flexibility - Global Capability Centers offer scalability and flexibility, allowing organizations to ramp up or down operations based on business needs and market demands. This enables companies to respond quickly to changing requirements, enter new markets, and adapt to evolving technologies. GCCs have become an invaluable tool for businesses looking to grow and succeed in today's fast-paced world.
  • Risk Management - GCCs play an important role in helping organizations reduce risks by diversifying their operations across multiple locations, following regulatory requirements, implementing strong security measures, and ensuring business continuity planning.
  • Strategic Alignment - Global Capability Centres align closely with their parent companies' overall business strategy and objectives. They support key business initiatives, drive strategic value, and contribute to long-term growth and sustainability.
  • Knowledge Management - GCCs foster knowledge sharing, collaboration, and cross-functional teamwork. They create an environment that promotes learning, skill development, and talent retention, leading to a culture of continuous improvement and innovation.
  • Customer Focus - Global Capability Centers enable organizations to deliver high-quality services and solutions to customers worldwide. They enhance customer satisfaction, increase responsiveness, and promote customer-centricity throughout the organization.
  • Global Presence - By establishing GCCs in strategic locations, organizations can expand their global presence, enter new markets, and build relationships with international clients, partners, and stakeholders.

It is just the beginning…

Global Capability Centres have become a critical factor in driving operational excellence, innovation, and competitiveness for modern businesses. By leveraging the numerous benefits of GCCs and focusing on key success factors, companies can unlock vast new opportunities for growth and success on a global scale. With their transformative potential and proven track record, Global Capability Centers can help organizations achieve their business goals, drive innovation, and help them stay ahead of the competition.

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About the author

Shyamala Rajan

Manager – Content Strategy,

Torry Harris Integration Solutions